ACM/SIGDA Guide to Running or Starting
a Conference, Symposium, or Workshop
Revised November 1, 2005
a number of conferences, symposia, and workshops, which will be referred
to generically as events. The event staff are almost always volunteers,
and those involved change on a yearly basis. The purpose of this guide
is to give a short overview of how events are run, make you aware of services
that ACM and SIGDA can provide, and to help simplify the entire process.
This guide is divided into three sections. First is the "financial" aspect
of running an event: contracts with hotels, registration, etc. Second
is the "administrative" component: selecting a program committee, setting
up a timeline, handling paper submissions and reviews, creating and archiving
the event web site, and passing control to the next set of organizers.
Third is a checklist and timeline,
to give an idea of when various tasks should be done.
SIGDA is a non-profit professional society--there is no expectation that
an event (particularly a new one) will return a large surplus. Having
some positive revenue, however, is desirable. The bulk of funds that are
used to support student travel, reduced student registrations, online
access to DA literature, salary for permanent staff, insurance coverage,
among other things, comes from conference revenue. SIGDA membership fees
provide almost no revenue.
and In Cooperation
Most events are cosponsored by some branch of the IEEE; some events have
other cosponsors. Generally, sponsorship implies financial and legal
responsibility for the event. That includes providing insurance, accepting
liability for contracts and covering any deficit the conference might incur.
If the conference should have a surplus, the sponsor or co-sponsor will
receive a portion of that surplus based on their percentage of sponsorship.
Co-sponsorship percentages rarely change; both ACM and IEEE are interested
in having good cooperation between the societies, and by sharing both risks
and rewards across the societies, service is improved for the members. Dual
sponsorship also broadens the audience for any advertising, improving
overall attendance. In some cases, a group may be "in cooperation" -- which
implies that they see value in the technical program and wish to lend their
name to the event without taking on any financial or legal responsibility.
TMRF -- Technical Meeting Request Form
A TMRF is a large spreadsheet that details
the expected attendance, registration costs, hotel costs, printing costs,
and so forth. The objective is to determine if the event is financially
viable, and in keeping with prior years. The organizers of an event will
need to file a TMRF, and receive approval, before ACM will accept any financial
responsibility. One common concern is with respect to some additional fees
in the TMRF based on total expenditures. These fees go to cover ACM insurance
and liability expenses, and help cover the salaries of the permanent staff
Care should be taken when preparing a TMRF; try to
keep all costs and projected revenues within reason--in some cases, approval
has been delayed due to budget concerns. We stress again that there is no
requirement for an event (particularly a new one) to turn a profit, although
this is preferable. If an event is profitable, it enables SIGDA to fund
other activities, to support events in new areas, and to weather short term
losses without sacrificing member services.
ACM Support Staff
ACM employs a number of permanent staff to assist
in planning and running an event. In particular, the staff has data on the
Obviously, having a successful event will require
good location at a time the attendees find convenient. Consulting the ACM
staff on this is highly recommended. The ACM staff involved with supporting
events can be found on our Who's
Who page and ACM's
SIG volunteer resources page.
- Other events in a given city, and on a given date. Hotel prices
may be extremely high if you are planning your event in a town that
is hosting a major activity.
- Listings of hotels in a given town, with rough estimates on the
number of attendees they can support, the types of conference rooms
Never sign any contract personally. If a disaster
occurs, a hotel may hold you responsible for all charges. For example, a
conference scheduled to be held a few days after the 9/11 terrorist attack
was cancelled. The hotel that was to hold the event lost many room bookings,
which was charged back to the sponsoring societies, costing them thousands
of dollars. ACM and SIGDA are prepared to accept this type of financial
liability. As an event organizer, you should not put yourself in this position.
We recommend that you allow the ACM staff to do the
bulk of the negotiation with the hotel or conference center. They are familiar
with industry practices, know typical rates, and can use the membership
of ACM as leverage for better deals. The staff will keep you informed, and
will work to find arrangements that are to your satisfaction.
Allowing early registration through the web is highly
recommended; this is a good way to get an early estimate on attendance.
ACM can support electronic registration, but must charge some fees to cover
related expenses and the time required for the support staff.
There are several ways to handle on-site registration:
you may have either volunteer staff or a professional organization, and
you may wish to accept cash, checks, or credit cards. If you accept credit
cards, billing immediately will require phone access, equipment, and coordination
with a credit agency. We would recommend instead simply recording the credit
card number manually, and then having ACM process the charges after the
If the event is relatively small, we highly recommend
finding volunteers to man the registration desk; professional conference
management can be quite expensive.
Most events have an "executive committee" consiting of a general
chair, program committee chair, publications chair, and publicity chair.
Larger events may have more positions. In most cases, there is a progression
of staff through the positions, allowing new members to gain experience
before taking control of an event.
For paper review, a program committee should be formed. We encourage a
balance of academic and industry representatives. Selection of committee
members should be done carefully: a well-respected group will improve
the public perception of accepted papers, encourage good research groups
to submit papers, and will improve attendance.
We recommend setting a timeline for all tasks related to the event. By
setting the timeline, all committee members will know when certain tasks
must be done, and will be able to plan accordingly. At the end of this
document we show a sample timeline that contains common tasks. Specific
dates obviously depend on the event itself. Carefully adjusting the dates
to fit in with other events is beneficial. For example, it might be possible
to arrange a program committee meeting to follow a widely attended conference,
which reduces the cost of attending the meeting and improves committee
members' participation. When possible, advertising should be scheduled
to coincide with similar events.
Paper Submission, Review, and Selection
Paper submission should be performed electronically; this greatly
simplifies the submission and review process. Supported file formats (PDF,
PostScript, DOC, text, etc.) are at the discretion of the program committee,
although we suggest that PDF be the preferred format. ACM has style
guidelines for proceedings and journal papers, and these should be
referenced on any call for papers or submission web site.
There are a number of conference paper management software packages. At
one point, ACM investigated supporting one in-house. Each program committee
seemed to have a specific package that they were quite loyal to, making
centralized support impractical. If your program committee does not have
a specific preference, check with ACM staff to see if there is a supported
Web based conference software generally supports online review submission.
We suggest sending periodic "warning" emails to reviewers, letting
them know the review deadlines. Without these reminders, many reviewers
may wait until the last minute, resulting in low-quality reviews.
Paper selection should be performed by the program committee in a timely
fashion. A fast turn-around on submissions will benefit authors, and increase
the number of submitted papers.
Proceedings -- Printed and Electronic
The print version of the proceedings will require coordination
with the printer. There will be deadlines for final camera-ready paper
submissions, table of contents, etc. Plan for some authors being a few
days late with submissions, and allow for unexpected delays.
Generally, workshops do not have "published" proceedings. Discuss
with the ACM staff if the event material should be considered as a publication.
For workshops, many authors may be willing to discuss preliminary results,
as long as it does not preclude them from publishing the work in a larger
ACM/SIGDA supports online access to all sponsored event material. It can
be made available through the ACM portal, the SIGDA web site, and on annual
SIGDA publication compendiums. Part of the revenue from successful conferences
has allowed SIGDA to subsidize this publication, making all material available
free of charge. For events co-sponsored with IEEE, the material is likely
still available free of charge; IEEE and ACM have been cooperating actively
to make publications as widely available as possible.
Creation and Archival of a Web Site
ACM provides free-of-charge web hosting and web site archival for
sponsored events. Even domain registration fees can be covered. Funding
for this activity is derived from budget surpluses from successful sponsored
If the web hosting for your event is not currently handled by ACM, contact
the staff, and they will assist in setting things up.
Handoff to the Next Organizers
Perhaps the most important task for an executive committee is making
arrangements to hand off the event to a new group. The next executive
committee will need to know attendance, number of submissions, acceptance
rate, planned and actual expenses, and any comments from the attendees.
We recommend having the next set of organizers identified early--perhaps
by the time of the event--giving enough time for them to prepare and have
success for the next year.
We would suggest filling in dates for the following
events as soon as possible, and then distributing the checklist to the executive
committee. This should help committee members from missing important task
deadlines, and makes sure that no one is "in the dark."
- Contact ACM staff for preliminary event planning.
- Finalize the event executive committee.
- Recruit technical program committee members.
- Establish event website.
- Identify event location and venue; ACM staff members should be able
- Submit TMRF to ACM.
- Publish "Call for Papers" deadline in print.
- Publish "Call for Papers" electronically.
- Establish and publish paper submission deadline.
- Assign papers to reviewers.
- Review submission deadline.
- Call meeting of the Technical Program Committee.
- Print deadline for "Call for Participation."
- Notify authors.
- Have papers ready for camera-ready paper deadline.
- Distribute electronic call for participation.
- Begin accepting conference registrations.
- Identify executive committee members for next year.
- Collect statistics on event for ACM and next organizers.
- Hand over control to the next committee.